A tattoo is a permanent pattern applied to the upper layers of the skin with special dyes. It is possible to safely remove a tattoo that has lost its shape or lost its shape mechanically and with the help of laser surgery.
Mechanical method of tattoo removal
Tattoos can only be removed in specialized institutions: in a tattoo salon, a beauty salon or in a medical institution. Getting rid of a permanent pattern on the skin is much more difficult, expensive and painful than applying it.
The essence of mechanical tattoo removal is that the tattooed area is removed from the patient under local anesthesia. The operation is carried out with a diamond-coated stone or a special abrasive cutter. The skin is rubbed layer by layer until the pattern is gone. The consequence of this operation is significant swelling and a long healing wound. The larger the area of the tattoo, the more extensive the injury will be after it is removed.
After the tattoo has been mechanically removed, the wound must be carefully looked after. Injured skin should be kept sterile until healed completely. This wound can take several months to heal. If infection cannot be avoided, scars and scars may appear at the site of the tattoo after healing.
Laser tattoo removal
Laser tattoo removal is recognized as a safer and less painful way to remove a tattoo. The old way of removing permanent prints from the skin was essentially a thermal burn with a laser. The burnt layer of the epidermis was dying off, and as the injury healed, the tattoo disappeared along with the crust.
The modern method of laser tattoo removal appeared in 2004. It is called the selective photocavitation method. Not the entire area of the skin is affected, but only the coloring pigment. Under intense radiation, some of the pigment granules evaporate, while others break down into small particles, which are naturally excreted from the body over time.
This method of tattoo removal is practically painless and does not cause complications, scars or scars. However, in order to reduce the tattoo in this way, several sessions of selective photocavitation will be required. After each laser treatment, the pattern on the skin will lighten until it completely disappears.
In the case of bright and large tattoos, the removal process can take from several months to a year. In addition, the depth of application and the quality of the ink must be considered. Under the influence of selective photocavitation, professional paints of tattoo parlors are well destroyed, and a drawing applied with ink from a ballpoint pen will be more difficult to remove.