Experienced hairdressers call hair cutting a ladder step. To give the future hairstyle the desired shape, it is enough to collect all the hair in the correct bun and cut off with one wave of scissors. However, for a true master, a stepped haircut is the pinnacle of hairdressing.
There are different ways to cut your hair with a ladder (step cut). The technology is determined by the width of the graduation zone - the distance between long and short hair, and the way the hairstyle is styled.
For example, in a haircut where all hair ends on the same line, the width of the steps or graduations is zero. To correctly determine the number of layers (rows) of the ladder, you need to look at the hairstyle not from the side of the face, but from the back.
A haircut, where the upper layer of hair is slightly higher than the lower one, is performed using horizontal parting. If the width of the steps is more than 5 cm, use vertical parting.
When the top of the head is cut short to add volume, and the lower hair is left long, a "ladder" is first created with horizontal strands in the parietal part. The bottom hair rises to the top of the head. But the haircut is brought to the final shape by working on the vertical strands. In this case, the blades of the scissors are directed downward.
If stepped haircuts are wound on curlers, and styling is carried out in the form of romantic curls, haircuts are performed with horizontal and diagonal strands. A smooth and voluminous version is created by vertical strands. "Ladder" turns out to be mobile and clear. In this case, styling is used for brushing.
Brushing is a round brush with natural or metallic bristles. Serves for styling hair with a hairdryer.
A step cut usually starts with the hair of the parietal region. Allocate a strand in the shape of a diamond (asterisk). Clamping it between your fingers, lift it up. At an angle of 90 degrees to the head. The base strand is trimmed to the desired length.
Then the next strand is separated, parallel to the sides of the rhombus (asterisks). Pull the strand to the base and cut along its length. Do the same with the rest of the hair on the crown.
Then they start cutting the hair in the back of the head. Take a V-shaped strand, copying the corner of the rhombus. Pull it to the already trimmed strands and cut it. Decorate the "ladder" on the back of the head and in the temporal zones.
Go to bangs. It is necessary to determine in advance its depth (the distance from the growth line to the top of the bangs in the parietal part) and width.
Not very thick and deep bangs are isolated with an arc about 1.5-3 cm wide and trimmed using the pattern method. Parting is not taken into account.
Deep and thick bangs are a fashionable and significant element of a stepped haircut. You should immediately decide on the parting (straight, right or left side).
Carefully highlight the bangs area with diagonal lines. In the form of a triangle with the apex in the parting. Its height is selected individually and can be 3-10 cm.
The dry hair of the bangs at the apex of the triangle should lie flat on the forehead and barely move to the side.
Finish the stepped haircut with the design of the edge line. Cut with a fringe according to the intended shape. To make the hairstyle look light on thick hair, thinning is done.
Thinning is the thinning of hair with scalloped scissors.
You can cut your hair with a ladder using bundles on your own, literally in 5 minutes. All hair is combed over the face. Gathered in a ponytail at the level of the bridge of the nose and trimmed above the elastic. Loose hair will fall from the crown of the head. The haircut will turn out to be asymmetrical if the tail is moved to the left or right.
Parted hair can be tied into buns on the sides of the head and trimmed in the same way. You will get an express haircut with "ladders" in the temporal zones.
Experienced hairdressers use quick methods when cutting hair with a ladder for a baby. Small children do not like to sit in a hairdressing chair for a long time. Then the master processes the vertical strands to smooth out the transitions between the rows of hair.