Before deciding whether to remove a mole or not, it is necessary to determine the cause of its appearance and identify the type of neoplasm. Only in case of serious suspicion of oncology, moles are subject to mandatory removal.
Of course, if a mole (or a pigmented nevus) does not increase in size, does not bleed and does not cause concern, then its removal has only an aesthetic function - removing a spot from the surface of the skin. Any changes should be a signal for going to a doctor who can determine the type of nevus. Very often, malignant melanoma (cancer of the skin) at the first stage does not differ from an ordinary mole. If a birthmark is suspected, it is undoubtedly subject to immediate removal.The most common changes occurring with a pigmented nevus are changes in the boundaries and color of the mole, the occurrence of inflammation and redness of the skin around the neoplasm, an increase and thickening of the spot, painful sensations when touched, cracks, nodules, various appendages, etc. Another group of moles that must be removed are those that are exposed to constant mechanical stress. For example, very often neoplasms are located on the wrist, neck, scalp, in the epilation area, under the bra straps. All this leads to constant contact, which causes damage and microtrauma. This, in turn, significantly increases the risk of developing cancer, so it is advisable to remove them as soon as possible. For cosmetic indications, cryodestruction (moxibustion with liquid nitrogen), electrocoagulation (cauterization with high frequency current), laser and surgery are considered to be the main methods of removing moles. For cancer indications, removal is usually performed surgically. Moreover, the entire pathological focus of the disease is removed. Special skin care is required after surgery. The operated area must not be wetted, remove the crust on its own, use cosmetics (if the mole was on the face), or expose it to direct sunlight.