Age spots are yellow or brown lesions that can appear on the skin of the face or body for a variety of reasons. Pigmentation is an accumulation of melanin, which stained spontaneously, regardless of whether the sun's rays fell on it or not.
There are many reasons for the appearance of age spots. These can be hormonal changes, for example, as a result of pregnancy or menopause, the consequences of skin damage (burns), various skin inflammations. Sometimes age spots can appear after using irritating creams, ointments, or eau de parfum. When age spots appear, it is better to contact a dermatologist to find out the cause of their appearance and, in accordance with this, start treatment.
People prone to pigmentation should refrain from UV rays. Before leaving the house, in sunny weather and even in winter, you need to apply a protective cream. When exposed to sunlight, even almost invisible spots darken and it becomes much more difficult to get rid of them.
If age spots appear quite often, then you need to pay attention to the diet. You should eat foods containing vitamins A, C and PP: greens, carrots, dried apricots, tomatoes, etc. You can also take a vitamin complex containing these elements, 2-3 courses per year.
If age spots appeared during pregnancy, then the use of whitening drugs should be treated with caution. Many of them contain elements of mercury in their composition, which can adversely affect the development of the fetus. Therefore, pregnant and lactating women can use lemon juice or sauerkraut juice to remove pigmentation before applying the day cream. Some plants also have a bleaching effect. These include yarrow, bearberry, licorice, parsley.
Professional cosmetologists offer several options for removing age spots. The chemical method involves removing the top layer of the skin with the help of fruit acids, as a result new cells appear that are completely free of pigmentation. In some cases, laser face resurfacing or photorejuvenation is used. These procedures not only contribute to the disappearance of age spots, but also with their help the skin is renewed, its tone is increased.