Antioxidants In Cosmetics: Characteristics, Properties

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Antioxidants In Cosmetics: Characteristics, Properties
Antioxidants In Cosmetics: Characteristics, Properties

Video: Antioxidants In Cosmetics: Characteristics, Properties

Video: PCA SKIN Antioxidant Mechanism of Action 2022, November

Substances that slow down the oxidative processes of organic compounds in the cell are called antioxidants. The chain reaction of oxidation of proteins, fats and carbohydrates under the influence of antioxidants is interrupted, which prevents the destruction of other chemical compounds.

antioxidants in cosmetics
antioxidants in cosmetics

Antioxidants can be of two types: natural and synthetic. Natural ones are produced by the body or come from the outside along with food. Antioxidants are found in rich quantities in currants, blueberries, lingonberries, cranberries, in all citrus fruits, nuts, coffee, and wine.

Artificial ones (phenosal, oxypyrid, ionol) are created in laboratories and are widely used in the food and cosmetic industries.

Characterization of antioxidants

As you know, in the process of oxidation, free radicals are released, the excess of which triggers the process of premature aging. Cosmetic companies add antioxidants to both the care and decorative segments of their products, more often to hand and face creams, and hair care products.

  1. Vitamin A (retinol). Moisturizes the skin, nourishes and strengthens its protective barrier. Prevents inflammation, especially in people whose skin is prone to comedones, acne and rashes.
  2. Vitamin C known as ascorbic acid. Stimulates the production of a substance for firmness and elasticity of the skin - collagen, eliminates excessive pigmentation, evens out the complexion.
  3. Vitamin E (tocopherol). It has a firming effect, promotes the elimination of toxins, eliminates wrinkles and prevents the appearance of new ones.
  4. Vitamin F. Increases the hydrolipidic balance of the skin, nourishes and moisturizes skin prone to dryness and flaking.
  5. Vitamin K. Participates in the processes of regeneration of the epidermis, provides protection against the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation and overheating.
  6. Carotenoids (lycopene, carotene). They are found in large quantities in oils, prevent dryness and tightness of the skin, accelerate the healing process of wounds.
  7. Glutathione. Responsible for protein synthesis, determines the redox characteristics of the cell.
  8. Green tea. Saturates cells with useful substances, improves skin tone, improves complexion. One of the most common components in the composition of cosmetics.
  9. Panthenol. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, it is often used in medicinal cosmetics for skin prone to irritation and inflammation.
  10. Selenium. Takes an active part in the production of nucleic acids, makes the skin soft and elastic.
  11. Silymarin. Due to its protective properties against the effects of ultraviolet radiation, it is the main component in the composition of sunscreens (CC and BB creams).

Rules for the selection and use of antioxidant products

  1. Contrary to advertising slogans, no product with antioxidants in its composition will be effective if it does not spend enough time on the surface of the skin or hair. Toners, lotions, shampoos, make-up removers will be useless, as they are washed off with water, not having time to saturate the skin with useful elements.
  2. Don't ignore the information on the label. The components in the composition are arranged in descending order, so only the first 7 can still significantly affect the condition of the skin or hair. For example, vitamin E, which is in the tenth place on the list, will no longer have its beneficial effect.
  3. It is worth paying close attention to the type of packaging. All creams or serums should be packaged in dark and dense glass jars, since ordinary plastic is not able to retain all the beneficial antioxidant properties under exposure to sunlight or high temperatures.
  4. Antioxidants are found not only in medical or care cosmetics, but also in decorative ones.For example, a foundation or powder containing antioxidants that lasts a long time on the face can also have a positive effect.

Regular use of antioxidant cosmetics and proper nutrition have a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin, preventing its aging and fading processes.

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