Blepharoplasty is a plastic surgery to correct the shape of the eyelid. During this procedure, excess skin and fatty deposits are excised, the general appearance of the face improves, it looks much younger, and puffiness disappears.
The most common complaints from clients of plastic surgeons and cosmetologists are the presence of wrinkles, sagging eyelids, bags under the eyes. All these problems are very well eliminated with the help of plastics. In many cases, young girls who want to correct the shape of their eyes can also go to the doctor. In some cases, the irregular shape of the eyes can seriously impair vision.
Correction of the upper eyelid using surgery is used in the case of ptosis, which may occur as a result of age-related pathology.
With the correction of the lower eyelid, bags under the eyes are removed, and skin ptosis is also eliminated. At the same time, the doctor tries not to remove wrinkles from the operated area. There can be a great risk of eyelid deformation when pulling on the skin
The operation is performed under general or local anesthesia, and its total duration is rarely more than an hour. The patient does not feel any discomfort in connection with blepharoplasty. In addition, modern medicine allows for seamless eye correction. All necessary surgical measures are carried out with a laser.
The required amount of adipose tissue is removed through a microscopic incision.
Like any other intervention, blepharoplasty has its own contraindications. It should not be carried out in the presence of many chronic health problems, in particular, thyroid pathology, any infections, chronic pathologies, especially in the exacerbation stage, pathologies of the blood and hematopoietic organs, changes in intraocular pressure (glaucoma), diabetes mellitus in the decompensated stage, any oncological diseases at all stages of the development of the process, skin diseases of any etiology and degree of development, diseases of the cardiovascular system, conjunctivitis at various stages of development.
When deciding on blepharoplasty, it is necessary to remember that this is still a serious intervention, and all the pros and cons of such an operation should be weighed.
In the absence of contraindications with a correctly performed operation, side effects and negative consequences are rare. Nevertheless, as with any surgical intervention, complications are possible.
The most common side effect is swelling in the plastic area. It usually disappears after 1-2 days. There may also be increased tearing (if the lacrimal canals are affected), subcutaneous hematomas (eliminated by puncture). Pain syndromes are usually practically absent. And, of course, allergic reactions to the medications used are possible. These include, for example, ectropion - pulling the lower eyelid down. It may occur during or after the operation. It is corrected with the help of gymnastics or massage; in some cases, repeated surgery may be required.
Another possible complication is retrobulbar hematoma. This is an injury to the soft tissues of the orbit of the eye. With such an injury, the eyes seem to protrude, lose mobility, and intraocular pressure rises. Nausea, slow heart rate, and other symptoms are possible. Treatment is carried out under the supervision of an ophthalmologist.