It's warm and you want to wear shorts, but your legs have multiple blood vessels visible under the skin. There are even whole webs on the thighs, on the back of the knees and around the ankles.
Can you get rid of them? Yes it is possible. Removal of blood vessels on the legs is different from those found on the face. It should be borne in mind that the blood vessels in the legs have a larger diameter, are located deeper, and the blood circulates in them at a higher pressure.
"Cobwebs" on the legs appear for various reasons. First of all, this causes them to have difficulty in blood circulation in the lower extremities. To flow from the legs to the heart, blood must move upward against the forces of gravity. Therefore, her movement must be supported. It is not only the heart that pumps blood that is responsible for this, but also the venous valves, thanks to which the blood does not recede during the relaxation phase of the heart.
In addition, veins are located between the muscles, the work of which strongly supports blood flow. However, if the valves are ineffective or the muscles in the legs are not working, the blood pressure in the calves or thighs increases and the blood vessels begin to dilate and enlarge over time.
Other predisposing factors for the appearance of blood vessels in the legs are genetic tendencies and previous diseases (for example, thrombosis). Spider veins are also conducive to pregnancy, adolescence, and menopause. This is due to hormonal changes that weaken the muscles in the vascular walls, reducing their ability to contract and stretch.
Closing capillaries must be preceded by correct diagnosis. If the cause and extent of the venous insufficiency is not established, there is a risk (especially in cases of severe insufficiency) that vascular closure procedures will not be effective, or closure of a vessel in one location may result in a new leg in another. If the problem of venous insufficiency is excluded, then the vessels of the legs can be closed using laser therapy or sclerotherapy. Both methods damage the walls of blood vessels and coagulate the blood they contain. The damaged structures are then absorbed.
Sclerotherapy It consists of injecting a drug into a vein that damages the walls of blood vessels. This is a fairly simple procedure that does not require special equipment, with the exception of a syringe, needle and drug. Its disadvantage is that the process of damage to the vessel walls cannot be completely controlled. In addition, after sclerotherapy, the risk of hyperpigmentation from the blood is slightly higher than after laser therapy.
Laser therapy Laser therapy works by irradiating tissue with the appropriate wavelength and energy. The lasers used to remove blood vessels in the legs use infrared light (an appropriate type of laser must be used). It is very important that lasers that remove blood vessels in the face are not suitable for removing blood vessels in the legs. Since the vessels on the legs are larger, deeper and require a long wave that penetrates deeper and has more power.
The best is the long pulse neodymium YAG laser. Devices that perform worse will have no effect. It should also be remembered that in order to achieve a good effect, it is necessary to perform from 3 to 5 procedures, and the effectiveness of laser therapy reaches about 70%. You have to wait about 5-6 months for full results.
Unfortunately, while laser therapy is one of the best methods for removing small to medium sized vessels, remember that they are 100% difficult to align. First of all, because the vessels on the legs can be of different colors - red, blue, green, purple. The easiest way to remove reds, but the more blue the color becomes, the harder it is.The difficulty in removing capillaries also increases, the lower they are on the leg, the more difficult it is to remove them at the ankle.